27 Designed environments

Designed environments can range from the creation of private/ public parks and parkways, to site planning for campuses and corporate office parks; from the design of residential estates to the design of civil infrastructure and the management of large wilderness areas or reclamation of degraded landscapes such as mines or landfills. The process is also known as landscape architecture and can incorporate aspects of botany, horticulture, the fine arts, architecture, industrial design, geology and the earth sciences, environmental psychology, and ecology. The aim is the design of outdoor and public spaces to achieve environmental, socio-behavioural, and/or aesthetic outcomes, which generate happiness and feelings of permanence.

J.B.C. Corot, 'Florence, View from the Boboli Gardens', 1835-40